What is a Patient Information Leaflet and why is it useful?
The Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) is the leaflet included in the pack with a medicine. It is written for patients and gives information about taking or using a medicine. It is possible that the leaflet in your medicine pack may differ from this version because it may have been updated since your medicine was packaged.
Below is a text only representation of the Patient Information Leaflet. The original leaflet can be viewed using the link above.
The text only version may be available in large print, Braille or audio CD. For further information call emc accessibility on 0800 198 5000. The product code(s) for this leaflet is: PL 16508/0058 .
Pabrinex Intramuscular High Potency Injection
PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER
Pabrinex® Intramuscular High Potency, Solution for injection
(Vitamins B & C Injection)
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you.
- Please keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor.
- If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
What is in this leaflet:
1. What Pabrinex Intramuscular injection is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you are given Pabrinex Intramuscular injection
3. How Pabrinex Intramuscular injection is given
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Pabrinex Intramuscular injection
6. Contents of the pack and other information
1. WHAT PABRINEX INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTION IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Vitamins B and C are important for a number of bodily functions including releasing energy from food and in the formation of healthy skin, bones and teeth.
Pabrinex Intramuscular High Potency, Solution for injection (‘Pabrinex’) provides additional vitamins B and C to correct deficiencies that may have occurred, for example:
- in alcoholism
- after infections
- after operations
- in certain psychiatric states.
2. WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW BEFORE YOU ARE GIVEN PABRINEX INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTION
You MUST NOT be given Pabrinex Intramuscular injection:
- if you are allergic to any of the ingredients of this medicine (listed in Section 6)
- if you have a history of sensitivity to vitamins B and/or C.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor before taking Pabrinex Intramuscular injection.
Pabrinex should be given with extreme caution if you have:
- ever had a mild allergic reaction (sneezing or mild asthma) to any previous injections of vitamin B1 (thiamine). This could mean that you may have become hypersensitive, and could have a more severe allergic reaction if given Pabrinex Intramuscular injection.
Other medicines and Pabrinex Intramuscular injection
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, or have recently taken, or might take, any other medicines:
- Levodopa (used in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease) - Pabrinex Intramuscular injection interferes with the effects of this medicine.
- Vitamin B1 (thiamine) injections - if you are on repeated injections of such preparations, Pabrinex Intramuscular injection may cause sneezing or mild asthma (chest tightness and wheezing) or even anaphylactic shock if you have become hypersensitive.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant or breast-feeding. Ask your doctor or pharmacist before taking any medicine.
Driving and using machines
Pabrinex Intramuscular is not expected to affect your ability to drive or operate machinery.
Pabrinex Intramuscular contains sodium and benzyl alcohol:
This medicine contains approximately 67 mg sodium (main component of cooking/table salt) in each 7 ml dose (1 pair of ampoules). This is equivalent to 3.4% of the WHO recommended maximum daily intake of 2 g sodium for an adult
This medicine contains approximately 139 mg benzyl alchohol in each 7 ml dose (1 pair of ampoules) which is equivalent to 19.9 mg/ml:
- Benzyl alcohol may cause allergic reactions.
- Benzyl alcohol has been linked with the risk of severe side effects including breathing problems (called “gasping syndrome”) in young children. Do not give to your newborn baby (up to 4 weeks old), unless recommended by your doctor.
- Do not use for more than a week in young children (less than 3 years old), unless advised by your doctor or pharmacist.
- Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. This is because large amounts of benzyl alcohol can build-up in your body and may cause side effects (called “metabolic acidosis”).
- Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice if you have a liver or kidney disease. This is because large amounts of benzyl alcohol can build-up in your body and may cause side effects (called “metabolic acidosis”).
3. HOW PABRINEX INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTION IS GIVEN
Pabrinex Intramuscular, the contents of which are mixed from two ampoules, is usually given by slow injection into your gluteal (bottom) muscle by a healthcare professional.
This medicine is for injection into a muscle only and should not be given by any other route.
Dosage for adults including the elderly:
7ml of the mixed ampoules (one pair) twice daily for up to 7 days.
Use in children and adolescents: Pabrinex Intramuscular injection is not usually given to children; however, suitable doses according to the child’s age are:
under 6 years 1/4 of the adult dose
6-10 years 1/3 of the adult dose
10-14 years 1/2 to 2/3 of the adult dose
14 years and older one adult dose
The exact dose you will be given will be decided by your doctor who will monitor your condition and determine what treatment you need. If you feel that you have been given an inappropriate dose or if you would like more information about Pabrinex Intramuscular injection, speak to your doctor.
If you are given more Pabrinex Intramuscular injection than you should
This product will be given to you under medical supervision. It is therefore unlikely that you will be given too much. However, if you feel unwell, you should tell your doctor immediately.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor.
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
- Allergic reaction - if following your injection you experience symptoms such as sneezing or mild asthma (chest tightness and wheezing) tell your doctor immediately. This may be an indication that you are sensitive to Pabrinex Intramuscular injection and should not be given a repeat dose.
- Severe allergic reaction (Anaphylatic shock) - may result from repeated injections of this medicine. Symptoms may include: swelling of the face and or throat, rash, severe itching, difficulty in breathing and loss of consciousness due to very low blood pressure.
- Low blood pressure and feeling of ‘pins and needles’ (mild paraesthesia) - can occur in some patients given Pabrinex Intramuscular injection
- Mild ache - some swelling may develop at the site where Pabrinex is injected.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme. Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard, or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store.
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
5. HOW TO STORE PABRINEX INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTION
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Pabrinex Intramuscular injection should be stored in a refrigerator at 2°C to 8°C but not frozen, and protected from light. Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the outer carton and ampoule labels after “EXP”. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help to protect the environment.
6. CONTENTS OF THE PACK AND OTHER INFORMATION
What Pabrinex Intramuscular injection contains
The active substances are:
AMPOULE 1 (5 ml)
thiamine hydrochloride (vitamin B1) - 250mg
riboflavin (vitamin B2) - 4mg
pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6) - 50mg
AMPOULE 2 (2 ml)
ascorbic acid (vitamin C) - 500mg
nicotinamide - 160mg
The other ingredients are: edetic acid, sodium hydroxide, benzyl alcohol and water for injections.
What Pabrinex Intramuscular injection looks like and contents of the pack
The product is supplied in pairs of amber coloured glass ampoules containing 5 ml or 2 ml of sterile solution. Pack sizes contain 10 pairs of 5 ml and 2 ml ampoules
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This leaflet was last revised: 07/2018